English meaning: to cut, slice, pare
    Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘schneiden, klieben, schnitzen, abschälen”
    Material: Gk. γλύφω “ carve from, carve out, cut out with a knife; engrave; to NOTE down [on tablets] “, γλυφίς, -ίδος f. “ incisure, notched end of the arrow; but perh. of notches or grooves for the fingers; poet. for the arrow itself; also in pl., notches in the arrow-head; penknife; chisel; in Architecture, capitals of columns; in pl., a lurking-place, den, hole, cave “; Lat. glūbō, -ĕre “to deprive of its bark, to bark, peel; to cast off its shell or bark “, glūma “ a hull or husk, esp. of corn “(forms -smü; glūbō with ū = eu, as Ger. klieben); O.H.G. klioban, O.E. cleōfan, O.N. kljūfa ‘split”, O.N. klauf f. “cleft, gap, the cloven hoof”, zero grade O.N. klofna, -aða “be split”, klyfia klufða ‘split”, klof n. “cleft, gap, cleft, fissure”, klofi m. “ door latch, clamp “, = O.S. kloƀo m. “cloven stick, Kloben zum Vogelfang “ = O.H.G. klobo “ gespaltener Stock zum Einklemmen oder Fangen, Kloben “, O.E. clofe f. “ buckle “, clufu f. “onion, bulb”, O.H.G. klobo-louh, Ger. with dissimilation Knoblauch, O.H.G. kluppa f. “ pliers, tongs, split wood for clamping “, Ger. Kluppe (*klubjōn-), O.N. klyf f. “ the split packsaddle “, O.H.G. kluft, Ger. Kluft; after Wissmann (nom. postverb. 129 f.) with expressive lengthened zero grade ū: O.H.G. klūbōn “ to pick to pieces; defoliate “, Ger. klauben (in addition probably with Gmc. intensive consonant increase O.N. klȳpa “ clamp, nip, pinch”); O.Pruss. gleuptene “ Streichbrett am Pfluge, das die aufgerissene Erde umwendet “; but Lith.glaudūti “ take out its shell or pod “ hat probably das -d from gvaldūti “ take out its shell or pod, core “ referring, exactly in such a way, as gvalbūti ds. -b- is covered by *glaubūti.
    References: WP. I 661, WH. 1 610 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • gleubh- — To tear apart, cleave. Derivatives include clever and hieroglyphic. I. Basic form *gleubh . 1. cleave1, from Old English clēofan, to split, cleave, from Germanic *kleuban. 2. Probably o grade form *gloubh . clever, from …   Universalium

  • γλύφω — (AM γλύφω) 1. λαξεύω με γλύφανο σκληρή ύλη, σκαλίζω 2. χαράσσω διακοσμητικές παραστάσεις σε σκληρή ύλη αρχ. Ι. καταγράφω («γλύφων τόκους» για τον τοκογλύφο που καταγράφει λεπτομερώς τί τού χρωστάνε) II. γλύφομαι 1. βάζω κάποιον άλλο να κάνει… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • cleave — [OE] There are two distinct verbs cleave in English, both of Germanic origin. Cleave ‘cut’ comes from Germanic *kleuban, which goes back to an Indo European base *gleubh (this also produced Greek glúphein ‘carve’, source of English hieroglyphics) …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • clove — There are two distinct words clove in English. In clove of garlic [OE] the underlying notion is of ‘cutting’; the head of garlic is as it were ‘divided up’ into separate sections. The word goes back ultimately to the Indo European base *gleubh… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • klieben — Vst. spalten per. Wortschatz arch. obd. (9. Jh.), mhd. klieben, ahd. klioban, as. klio␢an, mndd. kluven Stammwort. Aus g. * kleub a Vst. spalten , auch in anord. kljúfa, ae. clēofan. Außergermanisch vergleicht sich unter ig. (eur.) * gleubh… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • cleave — {{11}}cleave (1) to split, O.E. cleofan to split, separate (class II strong verb, past tense cleaf, past participle clofen), from P.Gmc. *kleubanan (Cf. O.S. klioban, O.N. kljufa, Dan. klöve, Du. kloven, O.H.G. klioban, Ger. klieben to cleave …   Etymology dictionary

  • cleft — (n.) 1570s, altered (by influence of cleft, new weak pp. of CLEAVE (Cf. cleave) (1)), from M.E. clift (early 14c.), from O.E. geclyft (adj.) split, cloven, from P.Gmc. *kluftis (Cf. O.H.G., Ger. kluft, Dan. klèft cleft ), from PIE *gleubh (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • clove — {{11}}clove (1) dried flowerbud of a tropical tree, used as a spice, late 15c., earlier clowes (14c.), from Anglo Fr. clowes de gilofre (c.1200), O.Fr. clou de girofle nail of gillyflower, so called from its shape, from L. clavus a nail (see SLOT …   Etymology dictionary

  • glyph — 1727, ornamental groove in architecture, from Fr. glyphe (1701), from Gk. glyphe a carving, from glyphein to hollow out, cut out with a knife, engrave, carve, from PIE root *gleubh to cut, slice (Cf. L. glubere to peel, shell, strip, O.E. cleofan …   Etymology dictionary

  • klieben — (veraltet, aber noch mdal. für:) »‹sich› spalten«: Das altgerm. starke Verb mhd. klieben, ahd. chliuban, engl. to cleave, schwed. klyva geht mit verwandten Wörtern in anderen idg. Sprachen auf eine Wurzelform *gleubh »hauen, spalten, schneiden«… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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